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Martin Kippenberger, widely regarded as one of the most talented German artists of his generation, died on Friday at the University of Vienna Hospital. He was 43 and had moved to Vienna last year.
The cause was cancer, said Gisela Capitain, his agent and dealer.
A dandyish, articulate, prodigiously prolific artist who loved controversy and confrontation and combined irreverence with a passion for art, Mr. Kippenberger worked at various points in performance art, painting, drawing, sculpture, installation art and photography and also made several musical recordings.
He was a ringleader of a younger generation of ”bad boy” German artists born mostly after World War II that emerged in the wake of the German Neo-Expressionists. His fellow travelers included Markus and Albert Oehlen, Georg Herold and Gunter Forg, and they sometimes seemed almost as well known for their carousing as for their work. Mr. Kippenberger once made a sculpture titled ”Street Lamp for Drunks”; its post curved woozily back and forth.
In New York City, Mr. Kippenberger was known for a well-received show of improvisational sculptures at Metro Pictures in SoHo in 1987. The pieces incorporated an extensive range of found objects and materials and sundry conceptual premises. He considered no style or artist’s work off-limits for appropriation, though his paintings most frequently resembled heavily worked, seemingly defaced fusions of Dadaism, Pop and Neo-Expressionism and often poked fun at the art world or himself.
His penchant for mixing media, styles and processes influenced younger artists on both sides of the Atlantic. Yet the German art establishment seemed to have difficulty with his antics, which included buying a gas station during a trip to Brazil in 1986 and renaming it the ”Martin Bormann Gas Station.”
Although he had his first museum exhibition at Hessisches Landesmuseum in Darmstadt in 1986, he drew greater attention from institutions outside Germany, with exhibitions at the Pompidou Center in Paris (1993), the Boymans-van Beuningen Museum in Rotterdam (1994) and the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Geneva, where a show of his work opened at the end of January. In the last three weeks, exhibitions of his work have also opened at museums in Antwerp, Belgium, and Mochen Gladbach, Germany. His work will be included for the first time in this summer’s Documenta X exhibition in Kassel, Germany.
Born in Dortmund in 1953, Mr. Kippenberger began making and studying art at an early age, boycotting his grammar school art class when its teacher gave him only the second-highest grade. In the early 70′s he studied at the Hamburg Art Academy.
After a sojourn in Florence, where he had his first solo show in 1977, he settled in Berlin in 1978. In that year he founded ”Kippenberger’s Office” with Ms. Capitain, mounting exhibitions of his own art and that of his friends; became business director of S.O. 36, a performance, film and music space; started a punk band called the Grugas and made his first recording, a single called ”Luxus,” with Christine Hahn and Eric Mitchell.
An avid collector of art by his American and German contemporaries, he also was responsible for the changing display of art at Berlin’s premier art hangout, the Paris Bar. Leaving Berlin, originally for a long visit to Paris, Mr. Kippenberger spent the early 1980′s as an active member of the Cologne art scene. Thereafter he tended to be peripatetic, punctuating life in Germany with prolonged working visits in cities like Los Angeles, Seville and Madrid. In recent years he taught at the Frankfurt Academy of Art and the Kassel Art Academy, developing a following of devoted students.
Mr. Kippenberger is survived by his wife, Elsie Kippenberger-Kocherscheidt, a photographer; a daughter, Helene Hirsch of Cologne, and four sisters, Susanne Kippenberger and Bettina Herfeldt of Berlin, Sabina Steil-Kippenberger of Dortmund and Barbara Kippenberger of Cologne.
â€œMartin Kippenberger, 43, Artist Of Irreverence and Mixed Stylesâ€³, The New York Times obituary of the artist, by Roberta Smith, published March 11, 1997