Born in Montevideo, Uruguay, JoaquÃn Torres-GarcÃa moved to Spain in 1891. In 1892 he studied at the School of Fine Arts and the Baixas Academy in Barcelona. He had his first individual exhibition in 1900 at the SalÃ³n la Vanguardia in Barcelona.
In 1903 and 1907 he painted murals for Gaudi’s Church of the Sagrada Familia and made stained glass windows for the cathedral of Palma de Mallorca. He painted murals for the Uruguayan Pavilion at the Brussels International Expositions of 1909-1910. In 1920 he went to New York and exhibited with Stuart Davis.
He lived in Paris from 1924 to 1932, where he met Mondrian and Van Doesburg and founded the Cercle de CarrÃ© with Michel Seuphor. In 1938 he completed the Cosmic Monument in Montevideo’s Parque RodÃ³ and published extensive works on his theories. He established the Taller Torres-GarcÃa in 1944, where he trained a new generation of artists.
His work was featured in the 1992 exhibition at the Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C., crosscurrents of Modernism, Four Latin American Pioneers: Diego Rivera, JoaquÃn Torres-GarcÃa, Wifredo Lam and Matta, and also in 1991 at the exhibition La Escuela del Sur: El Taller Torres-GarcÃa y su legado, which originated at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina SofÃa and later traveled to the Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, Austin, the Museo de Monterrey, Mexico, the Art Museum of the Americas, OAS, Washington, D.C., the Bronx Museum of the Arts, and then the Museo Rufino Tamayo in Mexico.
Biography from the Archives of AskART.